Position Roles

What is the 'Position Roles' concept?

In an organization, the job role of each would be a set of behavioral expectations associated with their position, a pattern of behavior expected of those who perform each position, with some independence from the person.

This set of own and other people's expectations about the pattern of behavior appropriate to the position they occupy is also called a role.

The idea that involves the concept of role, is that there are behaviors that are attached to certain positions themselves, no matter who occupies them.

A person throughout his life plays, in different social groups, different roles and, in addition, some of them simultaneously. Thus, the roles of son, father, mother, brother, etc., in the family, and the roles of boss, subordinate, partner, director, can be performed at the same time. consultant, specialist, administrative, etc., in the world of work.

The role that each individual must play in the world of work represents, in general, the way in which the work is expected to be done.

It's usually set jointly by the worker himself, by the people who play that same role and by third parties whose roles interact with that of the worker.

The role of each person is integrated into the whole company and, in it, the different roles exist depending on each other.

Each role is related to those of others and refers not only to the work to be performed, but also to the style of behavior and relationship with other people, attitudes and, sometimes, the lifestyle outside the company.

Aspects influenced by job position roles

When a person becomes part of an organization, he will occupy a position in the same depending on the work he is going to do. This person has their own ideas about the job role.

Also, other people in the organization, or related to it, have their own expectations about the role or role that person should play.

Such expectations can be expressed more or less explicitly and concretely. Someone newly incorporated, little by little, is getting an idea of ​​what is expected of him, resulting in different situations.

A desirable situation would occur when the person perceives agreement between the expectations of the organization and their own about the role they should play, their role is clearly configured and is assumed by everyone.

But when the person perceives divergences between them, one could speak of a "role conflict" situation. A third situation is that of "role ambiguity," which occurs when the person perceives uncertainty about the role to be played and has a confused image of it.

This may be due to the fact that the expectations that others have are unclear, little or poorly explained and / or have wide margins of uncertainty.

The situations of ambiguity and conflict of role at work have a negative impact on psychological well-being. They are considered as sources of tension for the person who lives them and are included among the subjective dimensions that contribute to work stress, along with the workload, responsibility for people and things, interpersonal relationships, the degree of control and participation, job insecurity, etc.

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